Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental illness characterized by continuous or relapsing episodes of psychosis. Major symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thinking. Other symptoms include social withdrawal, decreased emotional expression,... Wikipedia

  • Symptoms:  Hallucinations (usually hearing voices), delusions, confused thinking
  • Complications:  Suicide, heart disease, lifestyle diseases
  • Usual onset:  Ages 16 to 30
  • Duration:  Chronic
  • Causes:  Environmental and genetic factors
  • Risk factors:  Family history, cannabis use in adolescence, problems during pregnancy, childhood adversity, birth in late winter or early spring, older father, being born or raised in a city
  • Diagnostic method:  Based on observed behavior, reported experiences, and reports of others familiar with the person
  • Differential diagnosis:  Substance abuse, Huntington's disease, mood disorders (bipolar disorder), autism, borderline personality disorder
  • Management:  Counseling, job training
  • Medication:  Antipsychotics
  • Prognosis:  20 years shorter life expectancy
  • Data source:  DuckDuckGo